Nowadays, traveling to Tibet is becoming more and more popular. Some tourists would like to visit the famous Tibetan attractions, such as Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, Barkhor Street, and so on. Other tourists prefer to explore the Tibetan culture. However, the Tibetan Buddhist culture is an important part of the Tibetan culture. If you want to plan a Tibet culture tour, exploring the Buddhist culture if your first choice.
Since ancient times, the industrious and brave Tibetan people have lived on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the roof of the world. In the course of thousands of years, the Tibetan people have created their own splendid culture in the struggle against the harsh natural environment, enriched the traditional cultural treasure house of the Chinese nation, and made positive contributions to Chinese and even human culture.
Tibetan Buddhism, commonly known as Lamaism, refers to the branch of Buddhism introduced into Tibet, China. Tibetan Buddhism is concentrated in the main Tibetan areas of China (Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan), Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh and Dharamsala of India, and Kalmykia, Tuva, and Buryat of Russia. In modern times, Tibetan Buddhism has gradually spread to all parts of the world.
Tibetan Buddhism is passed down from masters to disciples, such as Nyingma sect, Kagyu sect, and Kagdam sect. There are also family inheritance methods, such as Sakya sect, which basically adopts the family inheritance method based on the Kun family. But the most distinctive system is the reincarnation of the living Buddha. The unification of the state and the church is another feature of Lamaism. Historically, most factions of Tibetan Buddhism have combined with certain political forces (including local power groups or family forces) to form a theocracy. This system first saw the embryonic form in the Tubo period, to the Sakya school when the formal establishment. This system was abolished in 1959 during the democratic reform in Tibet.
Tibetan Buddhist monasteries vary in size, ranging from a few people to thousands of people. The big temple is generally composed of the sutra hall, temple, forest garden as the place to debate the sutra, sutra printing house, houses of monks, offices of deacons, warehouses, guest rooms for believers, and so on. In ancient Tibet, monasteries were often the religious, cultural, economic and political centers of a region.
There are many Tibetan Buddhist temples in Tibet. If you want to travel to Tibet and explore Tibetan Buddhist culture, you can visit some representative temples in Tibet.
Here are some representative temples:
The Samye Temple is the first temple of Tibetan Buddhism. It was built in the 8th century during the Tubo period. The architecture of the temple is arranged according to the Buddhist cosmology. The central Buddhist hall has Tibetan, Han Chinese, and Indian styles.
In the main hall of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, a 12-year-old statue of Sakyamuni, one of the rarest in the world, is enshrined. For nearly 600 years, many Buddhists have traveled thousands of miles, one step at a time, to knock their heads down at the foot of the statue to show their devotion. To this day, thousands of devotees pay homage to this statue every day.
The Potala Palace, the most famous Lamaism architecture, derives from the palace built by Princess Wencheng in the 7th century when she entered Tibet. But it didn’t achieve on the current scale until the 17th century.